What is Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI*)?


cvi_image_v2_3Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI*)
is an accumulation of symptoms that are indicative of unhealthy veins and poor circulation. It is when your valves do not function properly due to damage to the venous wall/ and or valves.*

What are the symptoms of CVI*?

  • Veins weaken and become thin resulting in broken veins (spider & varicose veins) and discolouration of the skin
  • Legs and feet become swollen and heavy, sometimes resulting in a hardening of skin
  • Sensitive and painful skin and legs

Causes include, but are not limited to:

  • Age: as we get older, our veins weaken naturally and we become more susceptible to CVI*
  • Gender: with pregnancy and hormone fluctuations, women are more likely to suffer from CVI*
  • Lifestyle: long periods of inactivity (sitting or standing in one place) can lead to CVI*
  • Diet: An unhealthy diet can result in CVI*
  • Smoking

Other factors include:

  • Water retention
  • Poor circulation
  • Pregnancy
  • Illness
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Lack of exercise
  • Excessive heat
  • Medication
  • Tight-fitting clothing

Today’s hectic lifestyles and stresses can place an increased strain on a person’s leg vein circulation. Standing in long queues, sitting in meetings or in front of your computer all day, running in heels and travelling can all take their toll on your legs and feet. Veins can become weakened and diseased, and so the venous valves become increasingly ineffective. As a result, fluid can enter into the surrounding tissues, causing pain, swelling and that ‘heavy leg’ feeling. In addition, some of the leg veins can become enlarged and easily visible.

* Consult a medical practitioner for a diagnosis or if symptoms persists.